Online Publication - 1414: John Neuton and the Re-Foundation of York Minster Library (2016)
Free-to-view digital resource - a collaboration between York Minster and the University of York
1414: John Neuton and the Re-Foundation of York Minster Library
Project development led by Sarah Griffin, Ian Hall, Peter Young, Hanna Vorholt, Julie Allinson, Michele Campopiano, Hannah Jeans and Bill Sherman
Edited by Hanna Vorholt and Peter Young
With an introduction by Bill Sherman and contributions by Sarah Brown, Rachel Backa, Michele Campopiano, Claire Cross, Sarah Griffin, Hannah Jeans, Rosamund Oates, Nigel Ramsay, Sarah Rees Jones, Sylvia Thomas, Rodney M. Thomson
Digital implementation by Julie Allinson, Fergus McGlynn and Matthew Herring
Photography by Paul Shields
Published on the History of Art Research Portal, University of York
Free-to-view online resource
The website 1414: John Neuton and the Re-Foundation of York Minster Library was published in 2016 as the culmination of a project to mark the 600th anniversary of the bequest of books made by John Neuton (c.1350-1414), which led to the re-founding of York Minster library.
The online publication was edited by Dr Hanna Vorholt (University of York) and Peter Young (York Minster). As well as essays from contributors across the globe, it contains complete, leafable digital facsimiles of all of Neuton’s surviving books still in the Minster Library’s possession; it also includes digital facsimiles, transcriptions and translations of key documents concerning the foundation of the library and its history. Architectural illustrator Allan T. Adams was commissioned to produce two watercolour drawings that reconstruct the fifteenth-century Minster Library, drawing on new research by Dr Stuart Harrison (Cathedral Archaeologist, York Minster/York Minster Fellow, University of York), Sarah Brown (University of York and Director, York Glaziers Trust), and Professor Christopher Norton (University of York). The drawings were funded by the York Minster Fund and the originals now hang in the present-day Minster Library. The Introduction was written by Professor Bill Sherman (Warburg Institute), who was Head of Research, Victoria & Albert Museum, and Professor of Renaissance Studies, University of York, at the time of the project.
About the Project
'This resource sets out both to commemorate Neuton's historic gift and to put it in context, combining source materials, scholarly articles and images of books and buildings. We have provided an account of Neuton's life and career, and his prominent role in the political, financial and intellectual life of York's great cathedral. We have assembled the contents of Neuton's library, assessed its size and value and considered its character in relation to other collections of the early fifteenth century as well as that of Archbishop Tobie Matthew, whose bequest of several thousand books in the seventeenth century gave York Minster the largest cathedral library in England—which it remains to this day. We have drawn on archival and archaeological evidence to reconstruct the original appearance of the building constructed to house the Minster's book collection after Neuton's bequest, one of the earliest and most important examples of its kind in the country (if not the world). And we have explored some of the other tantalizing traces associated with Neuton, from a strap added to the eleventh-century Horn of Ulph, to his tomb near the shrine of St William.'
(Bill Sherman, Introduction)
- ‘York in Neuton's Time’ by Sarah Rees Jones (University of York)
- ‘The Minster in Neuton's Time’ by Hannah Jeans (University of York)
- ‘A Viking Treasure: The Horn of Ulph’ by Rachel Backa (University of Aberdeen)
- ‘The Mystery of Neuton's Tomb’ by Sarah Brown (University of York)
- ‘More about John Neuton’ by Hannah Jeans (University of York)
- ‘Neuton's Italian Books’ by Michele Campopiano (University of York)
- ‘Neuton's Will’ by Michele Campopiano (University of York)
- ‘The Minster Bequest’ by Nigel Ramsay (University of Exeter)
- ‘Books Surviving from Neuton's Bequests to the Minster and his Brother's Descendants
- ‘The Peterhouse Bequest’ by Rodney M. Thomson (University of Tasmania)
- ‘The Library Building’ by Christopher Norton (University of York)
- ‘The Reconstruction Drawings’ by Christopher Norton (University of York)
- ‘The Medieval Glazing of the Minster Library’ by Sarah Brown (University of York)
- ‘The Minster Fabric Rolls, 1418-1422’ by Sylvia Thomas (Yorkshire Archaeological Society)
- ‘James Torre's Description of the Library, c. 1690’ by Peter Young (York Minster)
- ‘The Manuscript Libraries of English Cathedrals before the Reformation and the Case of York’ by Rodney M. Thomson (University of Tasmania)
- The Matthew Benefaction:
- Tobie Matthew's Library’ by Rosamund Oates (Manchester Metropolitan University)
- Tobie Matthew and the Minster Benefaction’ by Rosamund Oates (Manchester Metropolitan University)
- Tobie Matthew's Will’ by Rosamund Oates (Manchester Metropolitan University)
- ‘Frances Matthew and the Re-Foundation of York Minster Library’ by Claire Cross (University of York)
- ‘A Marriage Made in Heaven’ by Sarah Griffin (University of York)
Alongside manuscripts held by York Minster, 1414: John Neuton and the Re-Foundation of York Minster Library also features digital images of manuscripts that formed part of John Neuton’s library from the Bodleian Library, Oxford; Peterhouse, Cambridge; and Trinity College, Cambridge.
1414: John Neuton and the Re-Foundation of York Minster Library was included in a review of ‘York’s Archbishops’ Registers Revealed. Borthwick Institute for Archives,University of York, 2016. https://archbishopsregisters.york.ac.uk/.’ by Alexander Devine (Manuscript Studies: A Journal of the Schoenberg Institute for Manuscript Studies, University of Pennsylvania Press, Vol. 2, No. 1, Spring 2017, pp. 251-255, in which he described the launch of the John Neuton website along with the online resource York’s Archbishops’ Registers Revealed (YARR) and the unveiling of the restored East Window of York Minster as ‘golden days for our access to York’s medieval history’.
Main image: Detail from John Neuton’s copy of Bartolus's Lectura super codice. (Reference: York Minster, MS XVI. P. 5, fol. 320r). Photograph: Paul Shields (University of York); © The Chapter of York